Simple instructions for completing a STARDIT report.
More detailed video instructions coming soon
All major problems, including complex global problems such as air pollution and pandemics, require reliable data sharing between disciplines in order to respond effectively.
Such problems require evidence-informed collaborative methods, multidisciplinary research and interventions in which the people who are affected are involved in every stage. However, there is currently no standardised way to share information about initiatives and problem-solving across and between fields such as health, environment, basic science, manufacturing, education, media and international development.
STARDIT (Standardised Data on Initiatives) was co-created on the understanding that such problems require evidence-informed collaborative methods, multidisciplinary research and interventions in which people who are affected are involved in every stage. STARDIT is being created to help everyone in the world find and understand information about collective human actions, which are referred to as ‘initiatives’.
STARDIT can help create high-quality standardised information on initiatives trying to solve complex multidisciplinary global problems. STARDIT also offers a way to add updates throughout the lifetime of an initiative, from planning to evaluation, and allows reporting of data (including data about any impacts) in many languages.
STARDIT is free to use and data can be accessed or submitted by anyone.
STARDIT is designed to be interoperable between multiple databases and can help link these kinds of data. The authors of the data can be verified (to improve trust), and the data checked for quality, offering a potentially important source of high-quality standardised information on initiatives trying to solve complex multidisciplinary global problems.
STARDIT can be used at multiple stages of an initiative. It can also be used prospectively to map how people might be involved in designing, doing, reporting and evaluating initiatives, starting with ‘idea sharing’.
STARDIT can help get essential, verified and high-quality data to the people who need it.
Among its main benefits, STARDIT offers those carrying out research and interventions access to standardised information which enables well-founded comparisons of the effectiveness of different methods, including data on impacts of citizen science.
A STARDIT report can be created without it needing to go through lengthy (and often unaffordable or expensive) traditional peer-review. The data also remains structured and machine readable. Automatic integration with the peer reviewed Wiki Journals and Wikipedia can also help ensure data is automatically integrated and disseminated as widely as possible, to help ensure translation and improve evidence-informed decision making.
In this way, STARDIT could be used to share information which makes research more reproducible, improving accessibility to the information required to critically appraise research and evidence and thus improving trust in processes such as the scientific method. It can also facilitate an appraisal of different knowledge systems, including Indigenous knowledge systems.
Sharing data using STARDIT could also improve the translation of trusted, quality research and data, by empowering people to both access and appraise relevant data. For example, improved access to more standardised information (in multiple languages) about data and outcomes, could help to facilitate more informed collaborations between researchers and those affected by the research. For example, monitoring pollution or protecting critically endangered species, particularly where there is no common language.
STARDIT is designed to be future-proofed so future data standards can also be added, with an open and transparent governance process (currently hosted by the charity Science for All, in partnership with the Wiki Journals).
The current version of STARDIT is a working prototype, built in Wikidata by volunteers and a limited number of paid engineers.
Accordingly, the user interface has a number of usability and accessibility issues, which would be improved by an appropriately budgeted human-centered design process, in order to improve both the usability of the report creation and access and analysis of the data. In the future, learning and development opportunities will need to be co-created help include more people in report creation, for example, to support Indigenous peoples around the world to be involved.
Over 100 international participants co-designed STARDIT.
STARDIT is designed and run using a ‘participatory action research’ paradigm, which aims to involve all stakeholders (the public, experts and others with a ‘stake’ in the work) in every aspect of the initiative. The participatory action research process is currently being hosted pro-bono by the charity Science for All, informed by their work in citizen science to monitor and restore biodiversity, and work with health research organisations. It provides a standardised way of reporting many kinds of data, including who was involved in which tasks, how data was collected (for example, how environmental DNA samples were collected, prepared and analysed) and any impacts or outcomes. STARDIT uses the Wikimedia Foundation’s ‘Wikidata’ project, and involves over 100 different experts from multiple disciplines and academic institutions.
Wikimedia Australia are official supporters of the project, and for Version One of STARDIT, the data will hosted on their servers.
Learn more about who has been involved so far and how:
Anyone can access STARDIT data, and anyone can add or edit the data – much like a Wikipedia page.
This allows STARDIT reports to be updated overtime, unlike peer-reviewed journal articles and traditional published reports.
Data can be added in both structured (standardised) forms and as free text. Once the form is completed, a unique Wikidata number is created, along with a permanent stable version of that form. Each STARDIT report is assigned a unique Wikidata item number and all previous versions are navigable in a transparent history.
Subsequent updates will log any changes and preserve a record of the updates. Information includes who (or what) created or updated the report (for example, a person with an ORCID or a machine learning algorithm), and who (or what) checked the report. Future versions will also assign each report a Digital Object Identifier (DOI).
STARDIT data is stored in a machine-readable format using structured Wikidata, based on the widely used Resource Description Framework (RDF) developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).
Further information about how STARDIT works can be found in the STARDIT Beta Version Manual.
Each STARDIT data field has been mapped to relevant Wikidata items and properties.
The ‘Minimum Contribution Reporting Form’ (MICRO) specifies the minimum information required to make a STARDIT report. These data fields are in bold.
The table below summarises some of the STARDIT data fields and associated Wikidata encoding. A full version of the STARDIT Beta data fields can be found in the peer-reviewed article here, with the full Wikidata encoding here.
STARDIT + existing data standards (STARDIT +) columns will be added to the right of this table to map to STARDIT data fields, or create new ones when required (see STARDIT+GBIF for a proposed example).
|STARDIT Data field
|Geographic location or scope
|Purpose of the initiative ‘stated as’ free text
|P3712 P3712 Q P6001
|Start date of initiative
|End date of initiative
|Organisations or other initiatives involved
|Ethics approval (org)
|P793 Q98550700 P1027
|Ethics approval (date)
|P793 Q98550700 P585
|Ethics approval (ID)
|P793 Q98550700 P1932
|Funding sources (org)
|Funding sources (dept or scheme or grant ID)
|P793 Q P1932
|keywords, metatags, mesh terms, raid terms
|Date of report
|P793 Q37260 P518 Q10870555 P793 Q37260 P585 or P793 Q37260 P580 and P793 Q37260 P582
|Methods of the initiative (what is planned to be done, or is being reported as done)
|Link to a public domain methodology document
|P4510 Q P973
|theoretical or conceptual models or relevant ‘values’ of people
|Name of report author (person or algoritm)
|author item P496
|Public domain profile / institutional page
|author item P856
|Key contact email at initiative for confirming report content
|P793 Q37260 P968
|Who has checked the quality of the data in this report?
|Who was involved (named individual, organisation) Who was involved (group of anonymous individuals acting in role)
|P767 P767 Q P1114
|Specific tasks of this person or group
|P767 Q P2868
|Methods of involvement of participants
|P767 Q P2283
|What was the outcome or output of the involvement?
|Were any publication produced as part of this?
|Methods of appraising and analysing involvement (assessing rigour, deciding outcome measures, data collection and analysis)
|Facilitators of involvement (what helps the contributors in achieving the project’s outcomes?) ‘stated as’ free text
|P1552 Q101097118 P5102 P1552 Q101097118 P6001
|Barriers of involvement (what inhibits the contributors from achieving the project’s outcomes?) ‘stated as’ free text
|P1552 Q16515105 P5102 P1552 Q16515105 P6001
|What was the outcome or output of the involvement of these people? What changed as a result of involving people? Were there any impacts?
|P767 Q P1542
|Which stage of the initiative were these people involved?
|P767 Q P585 or P767 Q P580 and P767 Q P582
|What was the estimated financial cost for involving each person or group How much time did it take to involve each person or group Were there any other non-financial costs in involving each person or group
|P767 Q P2130 P767 Q P2047 P767 Q P1542
|Financial relationship or other interest this person has to this project
|P767 Q P1932 P1542 Q99429881 P6001
|Conflicting or competing interests ‘stated as’ free text
|P1552 Q99429881 P1932 P1552 Q99429881 P6001
|What was the estimated financial cost for the overall initiative. How much time did it take.
|Findable: How is information about this data disseminated
|P1056 Q42848 P1552 Q100451967 P1056 Q42848 P7228
|Accessible: How is it stored and hosted
|P1056 Q42848 P4945
|Interoperable: What analyses were
|Interoperable: What format is it in
|P1056 Q42848 P2701
|Reusable: Access restriction status
|P1056 Q42848 P7228 Q66739888
|P1056 Q42848 P275
|Who owns it
|P1056 Q42848 P1552 Q2587068 P1056 Q42848 P127
|Where is it stored
|P1056 Q42848 P276
|Access restriction status
|P1056 Q42848 P7228
|How to access (email) How to access (url)
|P1056 Q42848 P968 P1056 Q42848 P2699
|P1056 Q42848 P1640
|Has anything changed or happened as a result of this initiative that isn’t captured in previous answers?
|What new knowledge has been generated? (if appropriate, include effect size, relevant statistics and level or evidence)
|What part of the initiative was the learning about What topic was learned
|P1542 Q133500 P518 P1542 Q133500 P921
|Describe how the learning or knowledge generated from this initiative has or will be used
|P1542 Q133500 P1542
|How has or how will this be measured?
|P1542 Q P459
|Who is involved in measuring this?
|P1542 Q P767
The STARDIT Beta version is already being used by a number of projects and organisations.
In health and medicine, organisations and initiatives using STARDIT include:
In environmental research, initiatives using STARDIT include:
These reports show how STARDIT has been used by different types of initiatives.
Co-designing genomics research with donor-conceived siblings.
A STARDIT report was created to describe how participatory action research methods were used to involve members of a sibling group in online discussions about how they would like to be involved in future research. The STARDIT report describes who was involved in co-creating and checking the report, as well as reporting impacts and outcomes from the research.
A Pathway to Precision Medicine for Aboriginal Australians: A Study Protocol.
A STARDIT report was created to prospectively describe how different people would be involved in the co-creation of a genomics precision medicine, working with a remote Aboriginal community.
Involve Australia Prospective Report 2021-2023.
Involve Australia will investigate how the public are involved in Australian healthcare research and develop guidelines specifically for genomic research.
Cochrane Values Statement.
This prospective STARDIT report outlines a process for co-creating a Cochrane’s Values Statement. The intention of this process is that anyone in the world can have an opportunity to be involved in giving feedback and helping shape Cochrane’s values.
Tasks include helping shape future versions, giving feedback on using STARDIT and suggesting ways of improving it, or becoming a co-author on our forthcoming ‘STARDIT Beta Implementation’ article. Here are some ways you can get involved:
Science for All interested in hearing expressions of interest from any organisations seeking to use STARDIT. We are already working with a number of organisations internationally to explore how STARDIT could be used to report their work. If your organisation is interested in the following, please get in touch:
If you would like to get in touch about using STARDIT, need support in creating or editing reports, or you or your organisation would like to partner with the project, you can get in touch in the following ways:
The novel and pronounceable word ‘STARDIT’ was purposely created, and it is proposed that the name for STARDIT in other languages be a phonetic way to spell the purposely invented word, with standardized spelling or signs to follow future co-design processes.
A culturally neutral logo was required for STARDIT in order for it to be recognised, including one which does not contain Latin alphabet letters so it could work across other scripts. Working with a professional graphic designer, the logos were co-designed, with anyone invited to give feedback and rank their favourite options.
Inspiration for the logo was drawn from multiple traditions, with both tally sticks and DNA codons being integrated into the design of the logo, as both are systems of knowledge transfer which require a complementary half, representing the checking or tallying of the STARDIT data.